Are you confused about some of the terms you've heard or read on our website? Here is our non-exhaustive list of popular candle terms and what they really mean.
Burn Time - the amount of time your candle will safely burn until the wax has dissolved. This is influenced by different factors such as how much fragrance is used, the size of the candle container etc.
Candle Safety - This relates to the candle burning guidelines often found on the bottom of your candle. These include common directions like burning your candle away from children and pets and also important safety care like trimming your wick before each burn.
Cold Throw - the scent emitted from a candle when it is not lit. Contrary to belief our 100% soy wax has been designed to carry high percentage of fragrance which means they can also give your room a nice light smell even when not burning.
Container Candles - candles contained in some form of containers usually made from glass. Examples are our black gloss candles, vintage teacup candles or those made from recyclable food jars.
Fragrance Load - sometimes known as "scent load" this refers to the percentage of fragrance used to create the candle. Candles made from paraffin wax or those easy on the purse strings usually incorporated upto 6% fragrance load. High end candles by Diptyque or Jo Malone usually incorporate up to 12%. Soy candles are able to hold more fragrance too. Typically we use between 10 - 12% oils in all our candles.
Fragrance Oil - a blend of synthetic and/or natural oils used to create scent. It is important to remember that popular fragrance oils like those used in expensive perfume contain synthetic components used to mimic scents that were often derived from animals like musk or from botanicals that do not naturally produce oils.
Frosting - This refers to the unperfected swirls and patterns often found on the tops of soy candles. This often occurs during the pouring process if the temperature is too high or low, but can also appear after burning your candle particularly in winter when temperatures drop. Luckily it is just the characteristics of using natural products and doesn't affect the scent or burn of your candle at all.
Hot Throw - this is the scent emitted from a candle as it is burning.
Melt Pool - This is the extent of the melted wax from the wick to the sides of the container. The depth of your burn pool will determine how long your candle burns for. Too deep and the wick is likely to be too large and burning too quickly, too shallow and you may not achieve a full melt pool no matter how long you burn the candle for. It is common to ensure a full melt pool is achieved before extinguishing your candle each time to ensure there is not tunnelling (see below).
Mushrooming - refers to the carbon build up on your wick as it burns. Often seen as black whips of large smoke. To reduce this, look for candles such as woodwicks or cotton wicks with the ability to trim as they burn.
Paraffin Wax - The most commonly wax in candles. Made from refined petroleum.
Snuffer - A long elegant tool to help extinguish candles reducing the risk of wax splash, and smoke build up after extinguishing the flame. They are also perfect for use when conducting candle rituals or meditations as a magically safer way of bringing the ritual to an end without unwanted negative effect.
Soy Wax - A natural wax alternative made from soya beans. Look our for candles that contain a "soy wax blend" as these may be mixed with paraffin or beeswax and are not vegan.
Tea lights - miniature candles contained in either tin or poly-carbonate cups. Usually burn for up to 4 - 6 hours.
Tunneling - When a ring of unmelted wax is left around the sides of the candle container. This can mean one of two things a) there was a discrepancy when making the candle eg. wick is too large, too high a fragrance load etc. or b) when lighting the candle you are not allowing it to form a full wax melt pool before extinguishing each time. Burning the candle for no longer than 4 hours at a time should help prevent this and ensure your using up every bit of your candle.
Votive Candles - a small candle without any container. When burned the wax liquifies completely requiring them to be burned in a small votive candle holder.
Woodwick - a.k.a wooden wicks, are an innovative and patented wick technology made from natural, unbleached wood sourced from FSC Certified mills in the USA. They work in the same way as common cotton wicks, however they have a self trimming ability which also produced a crackle as they burn away. You can read more about woodwicks here
And there you have all the basics in candle terminology to help better equip you to make informed decisions about the type of candles you choose to burn or maybe even to have a go at creating candles yourself!